M.Voc in Smart Power System
M.Voc in Smart Power System is a program offered by the School of Electrical Skills to produce engineers and professionals in the field of Smart Power System, which incorporates controllers, information and communication technologies to ensure efficient and reliable operation of a smart grid. The main focus is on real-time monitoring, control, and advanced protection techniques to enhance reliability and security of the power networks. With the massive growth in the power sector, the demand for Smart Power System professionals will continue to increase. This program, therefore, is bound to open the door for a promising career.
After completion of the program, the student will:
Be trained to National Skill Quality Framework (NSQF) level 9 in the field of Smart Power System to assess the commercial viability of updating the existing conventional Power Plants and explore business opportunities.
- Have the knowledge, skills, ability and judgement necessary to undertake a feasibility study for new Smart power plants.
- Identify the main lines of research in the field of Smart Grids.
Be trained & equipped with knowledge and understanding to start their career in Skill Universities and Colleges as a Teaching faculty as well as Researchers.
Post Graduate Diploma:
Be trained to National Skill Quality Framework (NSQF) level 8 in the field of Smart Power System to assess the commercial viability of updating the existing conventional Power Plants and explore business opportunities.
- Have the ability to analyse the behaviour of a system in operation and diagnose and suggest remedial measures.
- Be trained to get jobs in power plants and relevant R&D sector.
Career and Employability
A person with electrical skills with specialization in Smart Power System has opportunities to get employed in the power as well as the manufacturing sectors. With the massive growth both in the conventional power generation and renewable energy(planned to grow to 175 GW by 2022 and 275 GW by 2027) sectors, and the unavoidable necessity to ensure reliability and the security of the grids, the requirement of qualified and trained smart power systems engineers will continue to grow in the years to come.
In addition to conventional Electrical jobs in power generation, distribution, transmission, manufacturing and utility sectors, students post M. Voc are equally well positioned to succeed in various competitive examinations for the various jobs and also participate in smart grid development research programmes.
There is a huge demand of personnel having power system skills both in private and public sector like railways, civil aviation, electricity boards and utility companies, electrical construction firms and all types of manufacturing industries.
Companies like Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL), Coal India Limited (CIL), Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (PGCIL), Electricity Boards, Siemens Ltd, L &T, ABB, Bajaj Electrical Private Ltd, Crompton & Greaves Limited, Reliance Power Ltd, Hindalco Industries Ltd, NALCO, and Philips, Wipro Lighting, are some of the largest employers hiring electrical skilled personnel.
- Opportunities for pursuing higher education such as Ph. D.
- Voc. in respective Vocation
- B-Tech in related discipline
- Any other Graduate with NSQF Level 7 Certificate in respective vocation.
Lateral Entry (II Year)
- M-Tech in related discipline
- B-Tech/B.Voc with NSQF level 8 certification in related discipline
- RPL at NSQF Level 8 through an entrance exam (maximum 21 years of age)
Admission will be through an Entrance Examination or based on the merit of the qualifying examination.
Infrastructure and Equipment
Smart Power System Lab
Modern power system grid incorporates controllers, communications and information technology infrastructure into the electrical power system to create a smart power system. The smart power system utilizes digital information technology to create networks which are efficient, reliable, responsive and flexible. With faster and new technologies in communication and computer incorporated into the system operation, a new paradigm shift has taken place in the power industry, especially in the field of power system protection, control and demand side management. Communication capability is one of the potential benefits for digital relays, which communicate not only with a control center, but with each other in a two-way format. This in turn facilitates the overall system-wide protection and control philosophy. The self-managing and reliable smart power system is seen as the future of protection and control systems. The main objective of this smart power system laboratory is to apply the concepts of real time analysis of a smart power system and implementing it on a smart grid test-bed in the energy system research laboratory at School of Electrical Skills. Implementation of control strategies for generating stations as well as power transfer to the loads by monitoring all system parameters in a laboratory scale have been developed in this setup. Laboratory experiments and their analyses enable the students gain confidence and knowledge to handle the real smart grid operation and maintenance with ease. The smart power system lab in BSDU has been created at cost of Rs 2 Crores and consists of following Trainer kits.
- Generation Kit
- Synchronisation Kit
- Double Bus Bar Kit
- Transmission Kit
- Distribution Kit
- Generation Kit
In this trainer kit, students learn about basics of electricity generation, effects of changes in loads and excitation voltage and generation of VEE inverted VEE curves. Since Generators are rotatory machines and have many parts (Stator, Rotor, Exciter, Bearings, cooling systems etc) they are more prone to failure vis a vis other equipment in the power system. Generators can be affected due to electrical faults (Overload, Phase/ground fault, Overvoltage, Unbalanced current, Sub-synchronous oscillation, Motoring, etc.) and also mechanical faults (Vibrations, Over speed, Under speed, Overheating, etc.), and this calls for incorporation of various protection devices in the power generation systems. On occurrence of faults, how the defect rectification is required to be done also needs clear understanding. All these aspects are clearly understood by conduct of experiments on the generation kit. With the available real time monitoring features, the type of fault, time and reason of occurrence of a fault, actual region of fault etc can be seen and appreciated with the help of SCADA software.
- Synchronisation Kit
Due to degradation in fossil fuels, renewable sources of energy are used to generate electric power. However, the renewable energy is not sufficient to fulfil the load demand. Thus, it is necessary to integrate/synchronise this power with the power generated using conventional sources. Synchronization is the process of comparing the parameters like voltage, frequency and phase angle. When the parameters are with in specified limits, the two sources of power are paralleled to meet the load requirements. This kit enables the students to have a clear understanding of synchronisation process and the associated protection schemes including reverse power.
- Double Bus Bar Kit
In a double bus bar system, two identical bus bars are used in such a way that any outgoing or incoming feeder can be supplied from any of the bus. This type of arrangement provides the maximum reliability and flexibility in the power supply system, as any fault on a given bus bar or its maintenance requirements can be met without disturbing the power supply requirements of the load. This kit enables clear understanding of this concept using the load flow analysis for a three bus and four bus systems. The effect of load transfer from one bus to another bus in terms of voltage, current, active power, and reactive power at various points in the system can be studied and understood using this kit..
- Transmission Kit
Transmission line is the medium to transfer electrical power from generating end to the load end. In this kit various experiments are performed for understanding the power transmission process. Effect of Ferranti effect on transmission line, calculation of efficiency, voltage regulation and power flow in different models( pi model and T model) of transmission line over different distances(short transmission line and long transmission line), load test of transmission lines, protection of transmission lines, fault analysis of various symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults in transmission lines, distance protection, zone protection, auto reclosing of circuit breakers, during occurrence of temporary faults, can be studied and understood using this kit.
- Distribution Kit
Distribution system mainly comprises of electrical machines that are located at the load end and mainly consist of distribution transformers. In this kit understanding of the protection of distribution transformers during occurrence of various faults(L-L(line to line ) and L-G( line to ground) faults at the primary and secondary sides of the transformer and over current faults) and power factor improvement using reactive power compensation schemes are studied, analysed and understood.
|Year||First Semester||Second Semester (Industrial Internship)|
|Power Generation, Transmission & Distribution System||6||Industry Internship Assessment||21|
|Automation and Control||5|
|Skill Electives – 1||4|
|Skill Electives – 2||4||Project Report||5|
|Open Elective – I||3||Presentation||2|
|Maths/Modern English Usages and Grammar||4||Seminar||2|
|Cumulative Credits = 30||Cumulative Credits = 60|
|Year||Third Semester||Fourth Semester (Industrial Internship)|
|Smart Grid Technology||6||Industry Internship Assessment||21|
|Advance Switch Gears and Protections||5|
|Skill Electives – 3||4|
|Skill Electives – 4||4||Project Report||5|
|Open Elective – II||3||Presentation||2|
|Cumulative Credits = 120 (M. Voc.)|